Nutritional Profiling

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Cardiovascular Disease

What is Cardiovascular Disease?

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) refers to diseases associated with the heart and blood vessels.  CVD continues to be one of the major causes of death around the world.  Coronary heart disease is the most common type of CVD and it is usually caused by atherosclerosis in the coronary artery which supplies the blood to the heart muscle.  Atherosclerosis is the accumulation of lipids and other materials in the arteries.

How Does Atherosclerosis Develop?

Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries stemming from the fatty streaks that can develop into hardened plaques.  Everyone has fatty streaks in their arteries, it is the extent of their progression into plaques that determines atherosclerosis.  The question remains what causes the accumulation of these fatty streaks and their progression to plaques.  Plaques stiffen the arteries which narrow the passage through them.  Although the accumulation of lipids causing fatty streaks and forming plaques is a major contributor atherosclerosis is a much more complicated inflammatory process.  There are several contributing factors to the progression of this disease: diet high in saturated fats, hypertension, high cholesterol, viral or bacterial infections, cigarette toxins.

 

What are the risk factors of CVD?

There are many risk factors that contribute to the progression of CVD particulairly coronary heart disease.

  • Age, Gender and Family History
  • Cigarette smoking
  • High LDL and low HDL cholesterol
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity and Physical Inactivity
  • Atherogenic Diet
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Other (blood triglycerides)

As you can see from the list 7 out of the 9 top CVD risk factors can be controlled and adjusted with Dietary Lifestyle changes.  Although genetic predisposition, age and family history play a role in increasing risk, reducing the remaining ones can help prevent the formation and progression of this disease.    By taking a few minutes and clicking below you can get your free personalized nutrition assessment and get started in taking the first step to preventing or reversing the effects of Cardiovascular Disease.

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